Archivo de la categoría: Literature

The Destructors

Thes are the reading comprehension questions i did with Lola and Margui.

Rite of passage

  • An object of desire:breaking the house
  • Trespassing (defying authority)
  • Dare/challenge (construction of identity)
  • The mischief (it should be accepted and death with in a mature way)
  • Atonement (confession and regret->acceptance)

Symbols:

  • Mr Thomas’s house:
  • Mr Thomas and the children
  • Old misery
  • Money burning
  • The debris of the house
  • The laughter of the driver
  • Research and compare the Wormsley Common Gang with modern American gangs. Consider factors like membership, recruitment, enemies, activities, and motivations. What similarities did you find? What are some differences?

The Wormsley Common Gang is similar to modern American gangs as they both follow an initiation ritual when recruiting new members and they confront their enemies with violence and vandalism. However, American gangs engage in far more serious and obscure activities, such as drug trafficking and prostitution, while the kids from the gang only use vandalism. In addition, American gangs are motivated to gain wealth to live more comfortable lives, while the kids didn’t vandalise to steal money; in fact, they never stole anything. Another difference is that, when dealing with enemies, American gangs would kill them while the Wormsley Common Gang responded by vandalizing their property.

  • What do you see as the central theme of this story? Remember: a theme is not simply a subject like “love”. It is a fuller expression of what an author is trying to suggest about this subject. Write a paragraph explaining your interpretation of this story’s theme.

In our opinion, another important theme of the story is based on the “Loss of Innocence”. It is clearly shown that the group of children had lost their innocence during the story.They are children of nine years old. However, in the story it is shown that they did not lose their innocence completely since they never actually accept their mistake and the damage caused.

  • Identify three important conflicts present in the story. Explain what exactly is causing the problem—and whether they are internal or external in nature. Finally, explain which of these conflicts seems to the central problem.
  1. construction versus destruction. The gang members grew up seeing the destruction of war. They act as if destruction is a form of creation.In the story, not only the house of Old Missery was destroyed, but also the whole society after the war.The children, which are involved in the destroyed society, destroy the man’s house. Carrying out that act, it can be understand as if the children are ending with war. The house was the only thing that survived war, and destroying it means, starting all over again. The destruction of all, means the start of something new.
  1. society postwar. This external conflict points out the fact that the society was broken down after the war. Every person in society saw themselves totally affected and prejudiced by the war and tried to build up their normal lives back. However, war left an atmosphere of unconfidence, untruthful sense.

3.Building up society again would take a lot of time. belonging. This last conflict could be understood in two different ways. On the one hand, it can be understand as if T wants to belong to the gang. He is looking to fit on a group and to feel comfortable in it. That is a internal conflict since it is the character’s feeling. On the other hand, the sense of belonging could be understood to becoming part of society. At that moment in history, the society was destroyed after the war. That is why belonging to society was difficult to achieve. In our opinion, the central conflict is a combination of all of them. The war have left a destroyed society, harmful, where the people could not find their place. The destruction of the society, creates a new beginning.

  • Of what significance is the setting of this story in blitzed London? Does the story have anything to say about the consequences of war? About the causes of war?

The significance of the setting of the story is that because of London being blitzed the kids didn’t have anything to play with, because everything was destroyed. Also that the house made contrast in the neighbourhood. This particular area of the town was really damaged by the bombing of the city but Mr Thomas House was the only one that survived the bombings of London. The story talks about the consequences of war very indirectly, but it is still very relevant. The kids conduct show how war had fragmented society. After war the kids started being more violent, they had the necessity to destroy, because they had no more suffering. They were used to all the violence and sadness from war, so when it ended they kept having that mentality.

  • Describe what happens in the resolution of the story. Why might Graham Greene have ended the story in this manner?

What happens in the resolution is that they locked down Mr Misery in the bathroom cubicle and a men who had the house tied down to his lorry broke the house down. What Graham Greene wanted to do with the ending of the story is that even though war had already destructed the London what would give the last straw that broke the canela back would be the british society.

  • On the surface this is a story of action, suspense, and adventure. At a deeper level it is about delinquency, war, and the hidden forces which motivate our actions. Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer.Does the destruction of Old Misery’s house by the boys seem more senseless than the destruction brought about by the war that had destroyed London—or do you see it differently? Explain in a paragraph.

The kids are a metaphor of war and the house is a representation of London. The author wants to portray how war had destructed the society of London and how it had been damaged from the roots. The kids represent war and violence, that’s why they break the house, because the author wants to make a critic about the consequences of war in the society. The kids didn’t care about Mr misery, they only wanted destruction, which is what war represents violence destruction and hatred. And the house was london, it did not survived the “war”.

  • Research a definition of the philosophy of nihilism. How might the Wormsley Common Gang’s actions in the story demonstrate a kind of nihilism?

Nihilism is a condition in which all ultimate values lose their value. That means that traditional values and beliefs are unfounded and that existence is useless and senseless.

In our opinion, the Wormsley Common Gang represent a society post war where the nihilism is present.

Nihilism is based on a belief where conditions in the social organization are so bad as to make destruction desirable for its own sake independent of any constructive program or possibility.

That could be compared to the gang and to the society at that time.

the situation was so destroyed, that the gang finish with the destruction, they end up with the only thing that survived war to begin all over again.

They forgot about the moral values in society, because there was any value in society at that time.

War Poetry

Dulce et Decorum

Read the Poem

  1. Look for information about Wilfred Owen
  2. Characteristics of war poetry
  3. Explain each stanza with your own words
  4. Which images predominate? Quote and explain
  5. What does the title mean

 

1.Wilfred owen

 

  • Born: 18 March of 1893
  • Death: 4th November 1918

 

 

      • Fought on war world 1
      • He wrote about the horror of trenches of gas warfare
      • It’s regarded as the greatest poet of ww1
      • Influenciated by Keats and Shelley
      • Sassoon was his mentor
      • He used satire in his poems

 

2. Characteristics of war poetry

 

      • Rhetoric of honor
      • Injury

 

3. Stanzas

 

  • Stanza 1: Stanza one talks about how the soldiers lived in the trenches. They were dehumanized because they were so exhausted that they couldn’t even see the gas bomb that had fallen besides them. This is a sign that they were so tired that their scenes were prejudiced. Also their conditions were precarious.
  • Stanza 2: This stanza gives us an inside of how difficult was to survive in the war. It shows the reaction of the soldiers when a bomb was thrown at them.
  • Stanza 3: This stanza shows Owens feelings towards war, and how he was very traumatized because of the events. This is Owen talking in the “present” after the war.
  • Stanza 4: This stanza show a criticism to war, the church and the government, that made kids go to war compulsory.

 

 

4. Imageries

 

      • The imageries that predominate are the visual imageries. This show what was war and the trenches like. “Of gas-shells dropping softly behind.”

 

5. Title:

 

  • Traduction: “It is sweet and right.»

 

 

    • “It sweet and right to die for your country”

Poem Analysis

Task 1: Poem analysis

Stanza 1

  1. What is the main emotion expressed in the first stanza (verse)?

The main emotion that the first stanza portrays is suffering. It portrays how the soldiers were living in pain and precarious situations.

 

2. Write an example of a simile used in the first stanza:

“Like old beggars under sacks”

 

3. Why were the shells ‘disappointed’?

The shells were disappointed because of the situation that was happening. They were at war and the shells were disappointed of this.

 

Stanza 2

  1. How does the emotion change at the beginning of the second stanza?

In the first stanza everything is tranquil. The soldiers are very tired and complaining about their situation. But when the second stanza starts an atmosphere of terror and survival starts because the opponents are throwing gas to the soldiers so they have to escape it not to die.

 

2. What were the soldiers ‘fumbling’ for and why?

They were fumbling because the gas was thrown to them unexpectedly so they started to run to escape it. Because they were surprised by it they ran clumsily.

 

3. Owen uses a metaphor to describe what the gas looked like. Write it here:

“Under green sea”

 

Stanza 3

  1. Why do you think the third stanza is only two lines long? Think about the dramatic effect and the emotion:

This stanza is very short to emphasis how the soldier thinks about his experience in the war. He writes about how he sees one of his fellow soldiers dying because of the gas.

 

Stanza 4

  1. What is the main emotion expressed in the fourth stanza?

The main emotion expressed in the fourth stanza is criticism. In this stanza the poet invites us to have a more critical view of war and its propaganda.

    1. Name three parts of the body that are affected by this sort of gas:
  • The eyes: This gas affects the eyes by irritating them and sometimes this can end in blindness. “ white eyes writhing in his face”.

 

  • The lungs: When the gas enters the lungs they can create cancer, because of its chemical structure. When you breathe this gas you feel breathless. “froth-corrupted lungs,/Obscene as cancer,”

 

  • The tongue: When the gas was toxic for the mouth too. “incurable sores on innocent tongues”

 

 

  1. Explain the final lines.

The final lines «Dulce et decorum est/Pro patria mori.»  have an ironic tone to them, with the meaning of this phrase being: that it good to die for your countrty. But the poet wants to give other message. He wants to give a message of world peace for wars to end.

Extension Question

  1. Write your opinion of this poem. Think about what the emotion expressed, use of powerful words, use of similes and metaphors, layout, and what the poet is trying to say. Try to use full sentences and give reasons to support your ideas.
    Share these answers in your blog)

Our opinion of the poem is that is very real. The poet expresses his trauma and his near death experience with a lot of imageries. He makes us see how war is and the real conditions that the battlefield is. With his imageries he portrays a serie of emotions like desperation, exhaustion and  fear that is very striking for someone that hasn’t gone to war. Owen gives us ,also, the aftermath of war, and how it affects the human mind. After war you most probably will end up with a psychological trauma that will last forever which is very striking.


E-portfolio

Task 2

-Work on the following poems (they can be found in Songs of Ourselves or you can listen to them)

Soldier, Rest!

The Death Bed

Answers:

Task 2:

Soldier, rest!

  • Opinion: In our opinion, the aim of the poem ‘Soldier, Rest!’ written by Sir Walter Scott is to protest the whole meaning of war. Scott criticizes the causes and consequences of it. He despises the ‘days of danger’ and the battle fields. Scott concludes that it is even better to die than to live after war since living as a veteran is that bad. Moreover, he also emphasise that it is better to die in war than to fight. According to Scott, war is the worst fate.
  • Alliteration: “sleep to sleep” “days of danger” “fairy strains of music falls”
  • Oxymoron: ‘nights of waking’
  • Metaphors: ‘sleep’ This is a powerful metaphor since it represents the whole message of the poem, which is death. Death is important because the author wants to transmit to the readers that death is better than life after war.
  • Themes: afterlife, meaning of life, death
  • Tone: reflective, dreaming, calming
  • Anaphora:

 Sleep! the deer is in his den

Sleep! thy hounds are by thee lying:

Sleep! nor dream in yonder glen

The Death Bed

  • Opinion: Sassoon described the sad story of a soldier that was wounded in war. The soldier is so hurt that he could not see the difference between life and death, dreams and reality, consciousness and unconsciousness. This makes the readers feel sorry for him and to understand how badly war hurts soldiers. Even if they survive, a sad death or a painful trauma will follow. At the end, the soldiers ‘faced in his drawing eyes’.
  • Themes: battle of life and death, war, death
  • Tone: agony, confusion and darkness
  • Anaphora:

Water – calm, sliding green above the weir

Water- a sky – lit alley for his boat


Task 3

  1. Check out the following page: https://www.poetryfoundation.org/articles/70139/the-poetry-of-world-war-i
  2. Choose 2 poems and prepare an analysis.
  3. Illustrate them with pictures and explain which different parts of the poem they illustrate.
  4. Write an essay. Compare and contrast 2 of the poems you have worked on. Comment closely on the themes, tones and how the writers convey their message.
  5. Post the analysis in your blog.

I strongly suggest these authors: Wilfred Owen, Siegfried Sassoon and T. Hardy (but you can choose whoever you want)

Task 3:

The kiss by Siegfried Sassoon

Analysis:

 

 

Channel firing by Thomas Hardy

The Lady in a looking glass: A reflection

Answers:

  1. The looking glass “framed” Isabella, wh. she looked at herself in the looking glass, all the superficial things that she carried fell off. She stood completely naked in front of the mirror, making the readers able to see what were her thoughts and feelings, she had none. The mirror framed her, uncover and found Isabella’s inner self.
  2. The images reflected in the mirror are images of death. While the lady was standing in front of the mirror you could see that, even though she seem calmed and normal on the outside , she was dead on the inside.
  3. While the inside of the house was very messy and lonely, the outside was full of life and bright. This contrast between the two places, inside and outside, reflect the lady’s state of mind, she was calmed on the outside but a mess on the inside.
  4. The objects inside the house are described as constantly moving; chaotic. While the objects outside the house are described as fragile. The mirror reflects this two states of mind.
  5. The facts known about Isabella’s outer self are that she had a lot of money. Also that she had travelled all around the world, and we can say this because she had gathered one thing from each country she was in. Also she was a spinster, and she seem to not have any family connections.
  6. We can suppose that Isabella Tyson is a very materialistic and rich woman. She is what she chooses to show; the physical part. Isabella is a spinster.
  7. The letters that Isabella wrote concealed her inside self, so her personality and her illusions. So if you read the letters you could see what she’s thinking and feeling.
  8. Yes, in the end of the story Isabella realizes that she is dead inside and she is naked of personality, so her reality is given away to the reader, and we realizes that she is lonely and lost.
  9. We can know one’s inner self but at the same time, it is empty so there is nothing to know. At the beginning we think that Isabella owns some letters that we later come to realise that they are nothing but bills.
  10. We believe the mirror is a reflection of the inner self, in the story, it has the role of discovering the real Isabella, and make her see how empty she is. The mirror is a metaphor of purification, self realization, in this case, what Isabella really is.
  11. The stream of consciousness is a technique that Virginia Woolf used when she wrote whatever that came through her mind. She used Isabella to convey her feelings, thoughts and ideas. At the end of the story, we realize that Isabella and Virginia Woolf is empty inside. 

Find a picture of a room inside and a garden to illustrate the house in the story

Read the following text. How is this related to the story?

 

 

Rooms by Charlotte Mew

Activity 1

Questions:

  1.  She was Born on November the 15 of 1869Mew’s life was largely unhappy. Two of her brothers died in infancy and another in boyhood, and a brother and sister were committed to mental hospitals at a young age. Mew and her sister Anne vowed to remain childless so as not to transmit what they believed to be a family disorder.She was sexually repressed and poor.She commited suicide on march the  24 of 1928. Her life contributed to her style of writing channeling all her problems in her poems and stories.
  2.  Rooms are described as parts of your life or diffrent memories in your head, like every time you enter to a room you get a diffrent sensation and feeling. Also she describes rooms like oppressive bceause you feel you cant go out from there.
  3. Quotations;
    1. “Rooms where for good or for ill, things died”
    2. “Through every morning we seem to wake and might just as well seem to sleep again”
  4. What the begining  tells us about the tone and voice of the poem is that its extremley melancholi. All throught the poem the voice talks about the past in a sad tone and in a melancholic tone.
  5. The theme is for us the past. The poem talks about how every room makes us remmber our past and makes us sad because it is over. The tone as  we said in question 4 is melancholic and sad.

Activity 2

To se our poster clik here!

Billenium

Task 1
With close reference to the text of the short story Billenium explore the following questions in detail. Remember to include quotations and page numbers for the quotations in your answers

  1. Write a detailed synopsis of the story.  

Rossiter and Ward were two friends that lived in an overpopulated city, where the maximum living space was of thirty eight square feet. But because of the little space they had they moved to another building, where they found a very big abandones room. And as far as time went by more people were living in the room, and Ward, even if he hated landlords, sort of became one.

2. Discuss the theme of overpopulation and the effect it has on both the way of life and quality of life of the inhabitants of the city.

Overpopulation affects the way of living because they don’t have space to live in, they get bruises in their elbows because of walking side by side with other  people one the street, they had communitary bathrooms and dining rooms and it affects the liberty and privacy that people have.

3. The quest for living space has become an overriding obsession with the people of the city. Discuss this theme in detail. Include in your answer some discussion of the ways in which Ballard makes the quest for space dominate the characters’ lives.

People live in very small places. And every month the space of the cubicles gets smaller. So they have to look for a new space because the space of the cubicle isn’t enough for them. So they move again and the cycle starts again.

4. What sort of relationship does Ballard put forward between the inner world of the individual (as represented by Ward and Rossiter) and the outer world in which they live. In other words, how does Ballard conceptualise the effect of surviving daily life in a hopelessly overcrowded city on the consciousness of the individual as demonstrated by the ways in which Ward and Rossiter manage the gift of space in the secret room they discover?

Ward and rossiter hated their society. They hated that there was overpopulation and landlords. But they were so used to that society that they had to get used ti that society.

5. In the story, Ballard does attempt some sort of explanation of the social, political and economic causes of the extreme overpopulation that has beset the world. Explain his views as they are presented in the story.

In the story overpopulation is overwhealming. People are allowed to have only 3 children but they have more than the limit because if you have a numerous family you get a bigger cubicle, so they were having more children were there wasnt a lot of space.

6. Do you agree with his argument? Do you think that current population growth projections indicate that we are likely to end up in the situation portrayed in the story?

We think we can end up in that situation but in a very distant future. Becuase people are goint to have a lot more children and mortality is going to fall down because o the new discoveries in medicine.

7. Describe and analyse Ward’s character in some detail. What values does he hold? Why does Ballard make use of this type of character as the main character for this story?

Ward´s character has a delayed way of thinking.  He isnt accostumed to overpopulation and he hates it. He also hates landlords. Ballard chose Ward as the main character to emphazize how people can adapt to any way of living to survive, even if they dont like that way of living.

8. What role does Rossiter play in the story?

Rossiter is one the main characters in the short story. He is Ward best friend and the one who gave the idea of inviting the girls to move in with them and argued with Ward to let them move in. He is also responsible of letting his family move in.

9.Describe the role of the female characters in the story.

The role of the female character in the story is very important thanks to the fact they convinced Ward and Rossiter to let more people move into their cubicle.

10. Discuss the effects that over-population and its attendant ills has had on the nature of family life in relation to Ward’s family as well as Judith and Helen’s family relationships.

11. What does the secret room symbolise in the story?

The secret room symbolize freedom, and space. Because they are use to have a small limitof space and to always share all.

12. Why do you think Ward and Rossiter are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves? Is Ballard making a comment on how our inner world ultimately reflects the shape of the external world in which we live?

Ward and Rossiter are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves because they are use to have a limit of space and to share with others.

13. What sort of living arrangement do they eventually end up allowing (and accommodating to) in their secret room?

The ended up agreed on letting more people in, taking out  the ward drop and dividing the space with participants.

14. Discuss Ballard’s style and language in the story? Consider also in what ways it is appropriate to the nature of the story being told.

Task 2

Have a look at this video and compare it to the short story we have read!! (Thanks Alina Claps for sharing this video!!)

Task 2

The connection between the story and the videos is that, both in the story as in the video have to live in a very small place where they have to share it. And we can found the difference in the story, Billenium and the video because in the short story they lacked space in the world and that why they started reducing people’s houses and apartment. In the contrary now a day we do not suffer a lack of space but there still existing small places where to live. The other difference is that in the story they all share a dining room and a bathroom and in the video those apartments have their own.

Essay Senior 1 and Senior 2: Passion

For our literatue class our teacher Pato asked us to make an essay with senior 1 about the poem «Passion» by Kathleen Raine. I made it with Sol Pardo Santayana. The blue parts are t

 

Passion

Essay Question:  Explore how the writer of “Passion” uses nature to express how she feels about love.

 

In the poem “Passion” by Kathleen Raine the different feelings that she has are compared with nature.The tone of the poem at the beginning is depressiving and melancholic since she felt heartbroken, although as the poem goes on, she uses nature to change the tone and talk about love in a more positive and cheerful way.In this essay how she expressed love will be shown.

 

To start with, in the first stanza the author shows the chaos and turbulence she felt on her inside “Each tree possessing what my soul lacked, tranquillity” contrasting it with the peaceful and beautiful nature. Moreover as the poem continues, she expresses sorrowfully the way in which she felt abandoned by the person she used to love. She was so weak that she couldn’t even do a basic action such as speak or write “The language I knew best, my human speech, forsook my fingers…” this quote shows that because of her depression she wasn’t able to do normal things like talking.

 

In stanza 4 the tone of the poem changes remarkably. “Then the sky spoke to me in language clear…” here she shows that  she has realized something that she hadn’t thought before because she was too busy being depressed with her life. And in the next line “The sky said to my soul, you have what you desire” she realizes that she always had what she wanted,that she was nature and she loved herself, and that nature loved her.Raine uses personification to show this, she says that the sky talked to her.  Also she realizes that even if sometimes bad things happen and you suffer a lot, good things will come, you won’t suffer anymore.

 

To conclude, the poem Passion changes of tone all throughout the poem, and Raine uses nature to talk about the different feelings that she has.

Romantic Elements

Pato, our literature teacher, gave us as an assignment to find romantic elemnts in these three poems that we had already read and analyze. I made this with Maria Roggero and Fefi Marty.

The clod and the pebble
The romantic elements that this poem has are nature, supernaturalism, subjectivity and imagination.
Nature because clods and pebbles are things you can find in nature.
Supernatural and Imagination because clods and pebbles can’t talk because they are objects.
And Subjectivity because the two of them have different opinions, ideas about love.

Passion
The romantic elements that this poem has are subjectivity, supernaturalism, hellenism, naturalism, imagination, and escapism.
There is subjectivity because the voice doesn’t care to express herself and show her emotions.
There is supernaturalism because the voice the voice talks to the sky as if it was a person.
There is hellenism because she loves a man that doesn’t love her back, unrequited love.
There is naturalism because she talks to the sky, which is part of nature.
There is imagination because she imagines the sky talking back to her.
There is escapism because the voice escaped reality and the urban life to go to a place quiet and relaxing, which is nature.

She was a phantom of delight
The romantic elements that this poem has are: naturalism, imagination, supernaturalism.
There is naturalism because in the first stanza the voice describes the woman with words related to it. For example, “her eyes as stars of Twilight fair” and twilight is a period of time in the day.
There is imagination because the voice thinks that he is imagining the woman, because he didn’t know if she was an apparition or a real person. We say this because it says “a traveller betwixt life and death”. This quote tells us that the voice wasn’t sure if she comes from the spirit world she is a person.
There is supernaturalism because the voice describes her as a “phantom of delight” which means that she is too good to be real. Also, the voice says she was an “apparition” which that is related with supernatural because he refers as if the woman was a ghost appearing.