Answers in blue and italics.
Read Passage A carefully and then answer the questions.
First fill in the gaps with the correct tense and then answer the questions.
The Sleeping Giant
A new and extreme tourist attraction has just exploded (just explode) on to the scene in Iceland: Volcano Walking. It would appear, according to Tripadvisor, that this is one trip that cannot be missed, despite the extortionate cost. The idea of making Thrihnukagigur volcano accessible was the brainchild of Ami B. Stefansson, a doctor in Reykjavik and a lifelong cave enthusiast. He has been studying (study) caves in Iceland since 1954 and some would argue that there is no-one who has more experience. Thrihnukagigur has always
been special to Stefansson ever since he was the first to descend down to the crater base in 1974. Like most people who experience it, he was utterly spellbound by its uniqueness and beauty and made it his mission to protect and preserve this stunning natural phenomenon. Unlike others who may have only seen the profit that could be made from walking into the mouth of a volcano, Stefansson believed (believe) that the primary focus was to treat such a grand natural wonder with the utmost respect, to protect and defend it. The first ‘volcano tourists’ entered the volcano in 2005 and
it has since been labelled as one of the most unique tourist attractions inthe world.
Volcano walkers are taken (take)to the mouth of the crater from where they are lowered in a basket into the depths of the earth. People once thought that volcanoes were portals to Hell and associated with death and destruction and yet the entrance to the crater is awe-inspiring and almost ethereal. The vastness of it can feel overwhelming; it is the size of a cathedral and the Statue of Liberty could easily fit into the shaft. After 6 minutes and 120 metres, visitors arrive at the crater base. The ground space is the size of three full-sized basketball courts placed next to each.
At the bottom there is a reverent hush. People whisper in respect to the sleeping giant who has lain dormant for 4,000 years. The subterranean walls are scorched with colours from a divine palette: magenta red, vibrant purple, burnt orange, vivid green and honey yellow. The colour intensifies in certain places where 4000 years ago the magma was pushed out with brutal force. This is Mother Nature’s secret place, her private art studio where visitors feel like trespassers. The protruding rock faces show a tapestry of patterns and formations that have been moulded by heat, pressure and time. Floodlights illuminate the walls and draw attention to the beauty humans were never intended to see. A light rain weeps from the porous rock above and covers the crater sides with a shine that makes it sparkle. The scorch marks can be seen(can see) close up – at one point in time these rock faces were glowing red with fiery heat. This giant, although sleeping, is still dangerous: an 80-metre drop into the void is disguised by a collection of rocks close to where visitors stand.
It is a soul-enriching experience and visitors often report feeling deeply moved by the beauty and tranquillity of something that was once so destructive and angry. Confronted with this result of the unrestrained forces of nature, it is hard not to feel small and powerless in comparison. Sadly, the magical spell is broken when the basket appears, indicating that it is time for visitors to return to reality. On the return hike, visitors walk across the lava fields as though they are astronauts on the moon. They pass enormous open wounds where the landscape is literally tearing itself apart as tectonic plates slowly shift. It serves as one final reminder that
this giant is merely dormant, not dead.
Re-read the descriptions of:
(a) The volcano in paragraph 3, beginning, “Volcano
(b) The crater in paragraph 4 , beginning, “At the
Select four powerful words or phrases from each paragraph.
Your choices should include imagery. Explain
how each word or phrase selected is used effectively
Write about 100 to 150 words
The phrase “Death and destruction” shows the imagery of the insides of the volcano, which is described with these powerful word that could also describe hell. Also the words “crater base” are really powerful because you can clearly see and picture the inside of the volcano with enormous holes in it reflecting terror. Furthermore the phrase “Mouth of the crater” gives us the illusion that they are standing in a volcano that is about to eat them. The word “Vastness” reflect the feeling you’d get when you were standing in that volcano, you’d got the feeling of being alone y terror. The word “scorched” gives us the image of dryness which gives you thirst which is an awful feeling. But the words “divine palette” give us the imagery of beautiful color in the volcano. The phrase “Modern Nature secret place” give us a beautiful imagery as if it was a lovely place and the words “tapestry of patterns” show us how the walls of the volcano were beautiful.
Explain the meaning of the words in bold. Use synonyms to explain them.
Spellbound: bound by or as if by a spell; enchanted, entranced, or fascinated
Dormant: lying asleep or as if asleep; inactive, as in sleep; torpid
Soul Enriching:fulfilment of soul by doing good deeds and having good thoughts
Finish these sentences in an appropriate way.
If I hadn’t visited Mary last week,
I wouldn’t had been able to tell her how much i like my new job.
If I could help Sue,
I would tell her that what she did was the right thing to do.
You need to study more if
You want to pass the history exam.
Why don’t you go to the doctor if
You found a weird rash on your arm?
Suppose you had the chance of moving abroad,
Would you do it?
Jack can lend you the money as long as you give it back to him by monday.
I wish I was (BE) taller. I would love to work as a model.
I wish you would stop (stop) smoking. It’s bad for your health.
Compare the two main characters of More than just the disease and Face. What do they have in common? Write a paragraph (90-100 words)Include at least one conditional sentence and one compound adjective. Include at least three of the following terms:
grope for – overcast- to prune- to scold- nosy- sip- to shiver- to hum- to quiver- reluctant- to coax- gloomy- to gleam- scorching hot- rusty- to scratch.
In the novel “Face” by Benjamin Stephania and in the short story “More than Just a Disease” the main characters of the two texts have a lot in common. The main thing they have in common is their insecurities. Martin after being in a car crash ends up with injuries in most part of his face, which makes him lost all of his confidence. And Neil has a very bad skin disease in his chest which makes him insecure about taking his shirt off even if it was scorching hot. After Martin’s accident everyone coaxed him bc of his look and bc they had pity for him and this left him heart-broken. And if Neils mom wasnt as protective as she was he would have been more confident about his looks.